Quick Facts :

  • Originated in Lipica, Slovenia.

  • Average Height 14.2.-15.2hh

  • Over 400 years old selective breeding they are horses of royalty.
  • Grey is the dominant color of the Lipizzan today. Born dark, black-brown, brown, or mouse-grey, they usually turn white somewhere between the ages of 6 and 10. Very rare Black and Bay colors are accepted.


Developed exclusively by the Hapsburg monarchy for its use during times of war and peace, the Lipizzan is the true horse of royalty. Four hundred years of selective breeding have made the Lipizzan one of Europe’s oldest breeds of horse. The Lipizzan’s historical and cultural development enhances its mystique. Physically capable of withstanding the demands of the Airs Above the Ground, this baroque mount was bred to perform haute ecole dressage at the Spanish Riding School and owes its survival to the intervention of American General George S. Patton during World War II.

Body Type

The Lipizzan traces back to Iberian and Berber horses imported by Archduke Charles who founded a stud at Lipizza in 1580. As a ceremonial horse, the breed has nobility, brilliance, and style. Its balanced agility, temperament, and good character distinguish it. A Lipizzan is distinctive for its docility and intelligence and has become world famous because of its connection with the Spanish Riding School of Vienna.

The Lipizzan is noted for its sturdy body, brilliant action, and proud carriage. The rectangular compact body, set off by a powerful, crested neck, presents a picture of strength with broad back and loins, well-rounded quarters, muscular shoulders and short, strong legs with well-defined tendons and joints. The head is usually straight or slightly convex; big prominent eyes are set wide apart; small ears are set rather wide apart and carried alertly; a small muzzle balances a prominent jaw.

Spanish Riding School

Named after the early Spanish horses imported in the 16th century, the Spanish Riding School of Vienna is the oldest surviving institution of its kind in the world. Its primary purpose has remained the same through its history: to perpetuate the art of classical horsemanship in its purest form and transmit it from generation to generation. To this end, the School has used the Lipizzan exclusively as a horse capable of performing all the steps and movements of dressage, including the Airs Above the Ground -- the Levade, the Courbette, and the Capriole.

Learn More:

Did you know that the noble white Lipizzaner horses are from Slovenia? Their original stud farm has been in Lipica in the Karst since 1580. You can marvel at their elegance while watching shows and classical riding training. You can experience the Karst Region in a carriage, or you can go riding.

The LANA website includes information on classical dressage training, contact information for Lipizzan breeders, photos of Lipizzans, the history of the Lipizzan horse, links to the Lipizzan stallions of the Spanish Riding School & Austrian Piber Studfarm, and gift items featuring Lipizzan and Baroque horse pictures.

The Goal of the Lipizzan International Federation is to preserve the Lipizzan horse, one of the oldest horse breeds in the world, as purebred baroque horse and cultural heritage. Through international cooperation of Stud Farms, breeding organizations, Universities, with implementation of modern scientific knowledge and exchange of breeding animals, have the population of Lipizzan horses from the foundation of LIF increased from cca 4.000 to more than 10.000 purebred Lipizzan horses.

Information provided by Lipizzan Association of North America.