Cheval Canadian

Quick Facts :

  • Country of Origin: Canada

  • Average Height 14-16.0hh

  • Average Weight 1,000-1,400lbs

  • Black, Bay, Brown, and Chestnuts are most common


The Canadian horse was introduced to New France in July of 1665. The original horses traveled here by ship, the first load of twelve horses was sent by King Louis XIV. With later shipments arriving on a regular basis. The exact breeds in these shipments were not known, but were thought to be Norman, Breton, Arabian, Barb, Dutch, and Andalusian.

The Little Iron Horse

Nicknamed "The Little Iron Horse" for their ability to pull more (pound for pound) than any other breed. They are sturdy, surefooted, and well suited to harsh conditions.

Founder of American Breeds!

Due to their excellent trotting ability, the Canadian breed was exported to the USA where they helped found the Morgan, Standardbred, American Saddlebred, and Tennessee Walker Breeds.

War Horses

In the 1700's and 1800's over 30,000 Canadian Horses were used in wars.  Known for their incredible endurance, ability to get by on little food, and withstand harsh environments, they were in great demand.

Rare Breed

Due to the large export of the Canadian horse and the heavy losses from their role in the Civil War, the Canadian horse was almost extinct by 1880.  In 2002 the Canadian horse was officially recognized by Parliament as the national horse of Canada. Listed as "critical" by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy there are about 2500 Canadian Horses Registered today.

What's In A Name?

Registered Canadian's may have a rather complicated looking name. What does it mean?
Each Name has:

1)The herd name

2) The sire's name

3) The Horse's given name

A different letter of the alphabet is assigned to each year and foal's name must start with the assigned letter of the year the foal is born.

Year             Letter
2016              D
2017               E
2018              F
2019              G
2020             H

Not Just a Driving Horse!

Known for being versatile, this breed has been used for everything!

  • Driving
  • Dressage
  • Jumping
  • Combined Driving
  • Western
  • Trail Riding
  • Eventing
  • Skijoring!

Where Can I Buy One?

Breed Resources

​The Canadian Horse Association of the Rocky Mountain District(CHARMD)

Information From:

The Canadian Horse Breeders Association (